Shin splints is a condition that causes excruciating pain and discomfort along the back and inner sections of legs and shins. It is usually presented with activity and usually seen in athletes and runners. Pain and tenderness is usually experienced along the inner side of the shins during activity and after activity.
The main cause is poor foot mechanics causing overuse of shin muscles causing irritation of the muscles on the bone causing pain and swelling at the site. Running on hard terrains plays a major role in the development of this condition.
Treatment involves the use of custom made orthotics to rectify poor foot mechanics as well as the use of dry needling and soft tissue massage to reduce strain and scar tissue formation.